Steep rocky cliffs rise along the banks of the Nile in some stretches, while other areas along the Nile are flat, with space for agricultural production.
The country's greatest distance from north to south is 1, kilometers, and from east to west, 1, kilometers. The country is located in northeastern Africa and includes the Sinai Peninsula also seen as Sinaiwhich is often considered part of Asia.
Egypt's natural boundaries consist of more than 2, kilometers of coastline along the Mediterranean Sea, the Gulf of Suez, the Gulf of Aqaba, and the Red Sea. Egypt has land boundaries with Israel, Libya, Sudan, and the Gaza Strip, a Palestinian area formerly administered by Egypt and occupied by Israel since The land boundaries are generally straight lines that do not conform to geographic features such as rivers.
Ancient Egypt was divided into two regions, Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. This looks a bit confusing on a map because Upper Egypt is to the south and Lower Egypt is to the north. This is because the names come from the flow of the Nile River. Egypt, country located in the northeastern corner of Africa. Egypt’s heartland, the Nile River valley and delta, was the home of one of the principal civilizations of the ancient Middle East and, like Mesopotamia farther east, was the site of one of the world’s earliest urban and literate societies. The geography of ancient Egypt was dominated, as is today, by the combination of lack of rainfall and the Nile River. The Greek historian Herodotus called Egypt the "gift of the Nile", since the kingdom owed its survival to the annual flooding of the Nile and the resulting depositing of fertile silt.
Egypt shares its longest boundary, which extends 1, kilometers, with Sudan. In accordance with the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium Agreement ofthis boundary runs westward from The geography of egypt Red Sea along the twenty-second parallel, includes the Sudanese Nile salient Wadi Halfa salientand continues along the twenty-second parallel until it meets the twenty-fifth meridian.
The Sudanese Nile salient, a finger-shaped area along the Nile River Nahr an Nil north of the The geography of egypt parallel, is nearly covered by Lake Nasser, which was created when the Aswan High Dam was constructed in the s. An "administrative" boundary, which supplements the main Egyptian-Sudanese boundary permits nomadic tribes to gain access to water holes at the eastern end of Egypt's southern frontier.
The administrative boundary departs from the international boundary in two places; Egypt administers the area south of the twenty-second parallel, and Sudan administers the area north of it.
Egypt shares all 1, kilometers of the western border with Libya. This border was defined in under an agreement with Italy, which had colonized Libya. Before and after World War II, the northern border was adjusted, resulting in the return of the village of As Sallum to Egyptian sovereignty.
Egypt shares kilometers of its eastern border in Sinai with Israel and 11 kilometers with the Gaza Strip. Egypt is divided into twenty-six governorates sometimes called provinceswhich include four city governorates: Natural Regions Egypt is predominantly desert.
Only 35, square kilometers- Most of the country lies within the wide band of desert that stretches from Africa's Atlantic Coast across the continent and into southwest Asia.
Egypt's geological history has produced four major physical regions: The Nile Valley and Delta is the most important region because it supports 99 percent of the population on the country's only cultivable land.
Nile Valley and Delta The Nile Valley and Delta, the most extensive oasis on earth, was created by the world's second-longest river and its seemingly inexhaustible sources. Without the topographic channel that permits the Nile to flow across the Sahara, Egypt would be entirely desert; the Nile River traverses about 1, kilometers through Egypt and flows northward from the Egyptian-Sudanese border to the Mediterranean Sea.
The Nile is a combination of three long rivers whose sources are in central Africa: In its course from Lake Victoria to Juba in southern Sudan, the elevation of the White Nile's channel drops more than meters. In its 1,kilometer course from Juba to Khartoum, Sudan's capital, the river descends only 75 meters.
In southern and central Sudan, the White Nile passes through a wide, flat plain covered with swamp vegetation and slows almost to stagnation.
It has a steeper gradient and flows more swiftly than the White Nile, which it joins at Khartoum. Unlike the White Nile, the Blue Nile carries a considerable amount of sediment; for several kilometers north of Khartoum, water closer to the eastern bank of the river is visibly muddy and comes from the Blue Nile, while the water closer to the western bank is clearer and comes from the White Nile.
The much shorter Atbarah River, which also originates in Ethiopia, joins the main Nile north of Khartoum between the fifth and sixth cataracts areas of steep rapids and provides about 14 percent of the Nile's waters in Egypt. During the low-water season, which runs from January to June, the Atbarah shrinks to a number of pools.
But in late summer, when torrential rains fall on the Ethiopian plateau, the Atbarah provides 22 percent of the Nile's flow. The Blue Nile has a similar pattern. It contributes 17 percent of the Nile's waters in the low-water season and 68 percent during the high-water season.
In contrast, the White Nile provides only 10 percent of the Nile's waters during the highwater season but contributes more than 80 percent during the lowwater period. Thus, before the Aswan High Dam was completed inthe White Nile watered the Egyptian stretch of the river throughout the year, whereas the Blue Nile, carrying seasonal rain from Ethiopia, caused the Nile to overflow its banks and deposit a layer of fertile mud over adjacent fields.
The great flood of the main Nile usually occurred in Egypt during August, September, and October, but it sometimes began as early as June at Aswan and often did not completely wane until January.
The Nile enters Egypt a few kilometers north of Wadi Halfa, a Sudanese town that was completely rebuilt on high ground when its original site was submerged in the reservoir created by the Aswan High Dam. As a result of the dam's construction, the Nile actually begins its flow into Egypt as Lake Nasser, which extends south from the dam kilometers to the border and an additional kilometers into Sudan.Geography and Climate of Egypt Egypt is located in northern Africa and shares borders with Gaza Strip, Israel, Libya and Sudan.
Egypt's boundaries also include the Sinai Peninsula. Its topography consists mainly of desert plateau but the eastern part is cut by the Nile River valley.
The geography of Ancient Egypt was an interesting concept from the perspective of the ancient Egyptians themselves. They believed their country was divided into two distinct geographical sections, the black land (the fertile banks of the river Nile) and the red land (the barren desert that covered the rest of the country).
The Nile River has always been the determining socio-geographical feature of Egypt. Civilization flourished along the fertile banks of the longest river of Africa, enjoying the protection of a vast desert to the west and that of desert and mountains to the east.
The geography of Ancient Egypt was an interesting concept from the perspective of the ancient Egyptians themselves. They believed their country was divided into two distinct geographical sections, the black land (the fertile banks of the river Nile) and the red land (the barren desert that covered the rest of .
Coordinates The geography of Egypt relates to two regions: North Africa and Southwest Asia. Egypt has coastlines on the Mediterranean Sea, the River Nile and the Red Sea. Egypt borders Libya to the west, the Gaza Strip and Israel to . World Facts Index > Egypt > Geography Map of Egypt.
Physical Size and Borders. Egypt, covering 1,, square kilometers of land, is about the same size as Texas and New Mexico combined.