By this time, children can dress themselves, catch a ball more easily using only their hands, and tie their shoes. Having independence from family becomes more important now.
Merriam-Webster lists middle age from 45 to 64,  while prominent psychologist Erik Erikson saw it starting a little earlier and defines middle adulthood as between 40 and The Collins English Dictionary lists it between the ages of 40 and 60,  and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders — the standard diagnostic manual of the American Psychiatric Association — used to define middle age as 40 to 60, but as of DSM-IV revised the definition upwards to 45 to Young adulthood Further information: Young adult psychology This time in the lifespan is considered to be the developmental stage of those who are between 18 years old and 40 years old.
Recent developmental theories have recognized that development occurs across the entire life of a person as they experience changes cognitively, physically, socially, and in personality. This time span has been defined as the time between ages 45 and 65 years old.
Chronic health problems can become an issue along with disability or disease.
Approximately one centimeter of height may be lost per decade. Experiencing a sense of mortality, sadness, or loss is common at this age.
Changes can be the interacting with growing and grown children and aging parents.
Community involvement is fairly typical of this stage of adulthood,  as well as continued career development. Physical characteristics Middle-aged adults may begin to show visible signs of aging. Changes might occur in the nervous system. The ability to perform complex tasks remains intact.
Women experience menopause in the years surrounding the age of 50, which ends natural fertility. Men may also experience physical changes.
Changes can occur to skin and other changes may include decline in physical fitness including a reduction in aerobic performance and a decrease in maximal heart rate.
These measurements are generalities and people may exhibit these changes at different rates and times. The mortality rate can begin to increase from 45 and onwards, mainly due to health problems like heart problems, cancerhypertensionand diabetes.
Cognitive characteristics Erik Erikson refers to this period of adulthood as the generatitivity-versus-stagnation stage. Persons in middle adulthood or middle age may have some cognitive loss.
This loss usually remains unnoticeable because life experiences and strategies are developed to compensate for any decrease in mental abilities. Career satisfaction focuses more on inner satisfaction and contentedness and less on ambition and the desire to "advance".
Middle adulthood or middle age can be a time when a person re-examines their life by taking stock, and evaluating their accomplishments.
Morality may change and become more conscious. The perception that those in this stage of development or life undergo a "mid-life" crisis is largely false.
This period in life is usually satisfying, tranquil. Personality characteristics remain stable throughout this period.Those in this age group typically need to simultaneously manage a variety of family issues including children at various ages of development, aging, ill parents and financial concerns and worries.
But by middle age, many individuals are better at handling the stresses of life. Those in middle adulthood or middle age continue to develop relationships and adapt to the changes in relationships.
Changes can be the interacting with growing and grown children and aging parents. Social and personality characteristics. Stages of human development Middle age: Succeeded by Old age. Middle Adulthood: emotional & social development middle-aged adults often feel a need to make a contribution that will survive their death.
proximity tends to increase with age: move closer or move in with. helping tends to . The first three chapters explore development from the perspective of a historical/cultural period and within the context of dynamic social change and looks at theories of .
What to typically expect as developmental milestone indicators from middle childhood ( years of age). Here is some information on how children develop during middle childhood: Emotional/Social Changes. Children in this age group might: Show rapid development of mental skills.
What to typically expect as developmental milestone indicators from middle childhood ( years of age). Healthy friendships are very important to your child’s development, but peer pressure can become strong during this time. Here is some information on how children develop during middle childhood: Emotional/Social Changes.