The surprise German invasion of the U. The Soviets, during their hasty retreat, shot their political prisoners and, whenever possible, evacuated personnel, dismantled and removed industrial plants, and conducted a scorched-earth policy—blowing up buildings and… The origins of Christian anti-Semitism Anti-Semitism has existed to some degree wherever Jews have settled outside Palestine. In the ancient Greco-Roman world, religious differences were the primary basis for anti-Semitism.
Origin and usage in the context of xenophobia Etymology statute of the Antisemitic League The origin of "antisemitic" terminologies is found in the responses of Moritz Steinschneider to the views of Ernest Renan. As Alex Bein writes: Steinschneider used this phrase to characterise the French philosopher Ernest Renan's false ideas about how " Semitic races " were inferior to " Aryan races "'.
He coined the phrase "the Jews are our Anti semitism which would later be widely used by Nazis. Hess, the term was originally used by its authors to "stress the radical difference between their own 'antisemitism' and earlier forms of antagonism toward Anti semitism and Judaism.
Observed from a non-religious perspective in which he used the word Semitismus interchangeably with the word Judentum to denote both "Jewry" the Jews as a collective and "jewishness" the quality of being Jewish, or the Jewish spirit.
The pamphlet became very popular, and in the same year he founded the Antisemiten-Liga League of Antisemites apparently named to follow the "Anti-Kanzler-Liga" Anti-Chancellor League. So far as can be ascertained, the word was first widely printed inwhen Marr published Zwanglose Antisemitische Hefte, and Wilhelm Scherer used the term Antisemiten in the January issue of Neue Freie Presse.
FREE COURSE THE WORLD, THE JEWS AND THE SCIENCE OF HUMAN SURVIVAL Anti-Semitism, division, separation, violent conflicts and a general breakdown of the institutions of human society. Neturei Karta is an international organization of Orthodox Jews dedicated to the propagation and clarification of Torah Judaism. Encyclopedia of Jewish and Israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from anti-Semitism to Zionism.
The Jewish Encyclopedia reports, "In Februarya correspondent of the Allgemeine Zeitung des Judentums speaks of 'Anti-Semitism' as a designation which recently came into use "Allg.
On 19 Julythe editor says, 'This quite recent Anti-Semitism is hardly three years old. In this sense, the term is a misnomer, since there are many speakers of Semitic languages e. ArabsEthiopiansand Assyrians who are not the objects of anti-Semitic prejudices, while there are many Jews who do not speak Hebrewa Semitic language.
Though 'antisemitism' has been used to describe prejudice against people who speak other Semitic languages, the validity of such usage has been questioned.
Some scholars favor the unhyphenated form because, "If you use the hyphenated form, you consider the words 'Semitism', 'Semite', 'Semitic' as meaningful" whereas "in antisemitic parlance, 'Semites' really stands for Jews, just that.
According to Carroll, who first cites O'Hare and Bauer on "the existence of something called 'Semitism'", "the hyphenated word thus reflects the bipolarity that is at the heart of the problem of antisemitism". Because of this bad nature: It was anti-liberal, racialist and nationalist.
It promoted the myth that Jews conspired to 'judaise' the world ; it served to consolidate social identity; it channeled dissatisfactions among victims of the capitalist system; and it was used as a conservative cultural code to fight emancipation and liberalism.
According to Lewis, antisemitism is marked by two distinct features: Jews are judged according to a standard different from that applied to others, and they are accused of "cosmic evil. The United States Department of State states that "while there is no universally accepted definition, there is a generally clear understanding of what the term encompasses.
It also lists ways in which attacking Israel could be antisemitic, and states that denying the Jewish people their right to self-determination, e.
A spokesperson said that it had never been regarded as official and that the agency did not intend to develop its own definition. The definition has been adopted by the European Parliament Working Group on Antisemitism,  in it was adopted by the United States Department of State in it was adopted in the Operational Hate Crime Guidance of the UK College of Policing  and was also adopted by the Campaign Against Antisemitism,  and in it was adopted by the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance making it the most widely adopted definition of antisemitism around the world.
Judaism, there is the enemy! Cuza organized the Alliance Anti-semitique Universelle in Bucharest.
In the period before World War IIwhen animosity towards Jews was far more commonplace, it was not uncommon for a person, an organization, or a political party to self-identify as an antisemite or antisemitic.
The early Zionist pioneer Leon Pinskera professional physician, preferred the clinical-sounding term Judeophobia to antisemitism, which he regarded as a misnomer.Asa Winstanley The Electronic Intifada 28 April Former London mayor and long-time Palestinian rights campaigner Ken Livingstone is the latest victim of the UK Labour Party’s witch hunt over alleged anti-Semitism.
The history of antisemitism, Indeed, he asserts that "one of the great puzzles that has confronted the students of anti-semitism is the alleged shift from pro-Jewish statements found in the first pagan writers who mention the Jews.
Neturei Karta is an international organization of Orthodox Jews dedicated to the propagation and clarification of Torah Judaism. Mar 01, · Watch video · Anti-Semitism, sometimes called history’s oldest hatred, is hostility or prejudice against Jewish people.
The Nazi Holocaust is history’s most . Anti-Semitism The belief or behavior hostile toward Jews just because they are Jewish. It may take the form of religious teachings that proclaim the inferiority of Jews, for instance, or political efforts to isolate, oppress, or otherwise injure them.
Jeremy Corbyn’s Labour party last week once again snubbed its nose at Britain’s Jews by announcing a new code of conduct which waters down the working definition of anti-Semitism drawn up by.