Click here for more information on defense mechanisms. In many cases, the result was some form of neurotic illness.
Analysis Of The Underlying Social Psychology Of The Holocaust Essay, Research Paper Analysis of the underlying social psychology of the Holocaust March 9, The hate and prejudice that began the Holocaust went hand in hand with a political agenda that was fueled by the frustration aggression theory.
This meant that he would slowly change the rules, allowing him to gain more and more control over his people. Propaganda is the dissemination of ideas and information for the purpose of inducing or intensifying specific attitudes and actions.
This was an effect of what is called the availability effect. Many of the Germans had been raised under the influence of this propaganda and it was all that they knew about the Jews, thus, the only available information with which to make judgements by.
Under the umbrella of ethical relativism, 2 these judgements were ethical in relevance to the German culture at this time, and thus, widely accepted by the German people. The German people, especially the soldiers, bonded under what is known as the self-esteem theory of prejudice.
Even though being a soldier was what they may have had in common, these men bonded under the belief that they were better than people in other groups, namely the Jews.
Due to the propaganda that they were bombarded with, they felt that they were competing with the Jews for resources. At first, the soldiers accepted the prejudice due to all of the previous theories noted and followed orders to kill.
They may not have enjoyed it and not all of them may have complied, but enough did. That is, they had conflicting emotions about murder and following orders. Once they had reached that point, they were on their way to being completely desensitized, and then the committance of murder in the name of their government, culture, and way of life was justifiable.
The German people that made up the bystanders in this tragedy may not have been guilty of cold- blooded murder, but they were not innocent either. They were also victims of cultural ethical relativism, 2 believing that if their government thought that this was ethically relative behavior in their culture, then they should comply.
In cultural relative behavior, rightness and wrongs vary from place to place, and in this place, this prejudice behavior was considered right. These Germans that did not speak out against the atrocities being committed against the Jews, even if they thought it would be ethically prudent, were also victims of the above theories as well as what is called the bystander effect.
This is explained by a theory called the pluralistic ignorance theory. The information that they are receiving from others around them is telling them that it is okay not to interfere, thus they become compliant with what their culture has deemed appropriate behavior, irregardless of what they may be feeling.
These people also went through cognitive dissonance, just as the soldiers did. Once they ignored one atrocity, they ignored the rest of them in order to justify ignoring the first one.
They must justify their actions by changing their attitudes about the actions they have taken, thus, decreasing the amount of dissonance or uncomfortableness that they feel.
The indifference that the bystanders might have felt may have been done without the intent to harm anyone, but their indifference and conformity were lethal.The Journal of Personality and Social Psychology publishes original papers in all areas of personality and social psychology.
It emphasizes empirical reports but may include specialized theoretical, methodological, and review papers.
Join Wendy Treynor, Ph.D., (Social Psychology, University of Michigan, ) on a journey through social psychology and life itself, as you unravel life's deepest mysteries and questions, using social psychology as your guide.
Imagine that you are a beginning graduate student accepted into a top-ranked psychology department. The first colloquium talk you go to is about deception, from a famous social psychologist.
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In the case of exploratory.