Several of the characters in Hamlet could be considered mad.
The tragedy is written in five acts and focuses entirely on Hamlet. The following Hamlet summary and analysis will give an idea of the philosophical depths Shakespeare could touch with the emotional stirring of the Prince and the intensity of life he could show through the characters.
Act — I, Scene — 1 A platform before the Elsinore castle: On the darkest of nights where the cold can make anyone sick at heart, Francisco is guarding the castle and Bernardo another officer enters to own his shift and relieve Francisco for the night.
Bernardo inquires about the arrival of Marcellus, another officer and Horatio, friend of Hamlet. As Francisco answers of their absence, the two men enter and Francisco takes leave. They speak in whispers about the ghost of their deceased and beloved King Hamlet.
As the bell beats one at night, the ghost enters with spectre and armour resembling that of King Hamlet and fades away into the darkness. Horatio watches the ghost with fear, wonder and uncertainty as he recognizes the fierce armour of the King which he wore during the battle against Norway.
Horatio interprets that the ghost of King Hamlet is perhaps warning of a military attack as the prince of Norway — Fortinbras, is planning to re-conquer his land and glory. As the three were discussing about the movement of Danish troops and the Norwegian prince, the ghost enters again and Horatio makes efforts to have a conversation with it.
Horatio believes it is best to take his friend Hamlet to look at the apparition. He assures that the ghost of King Hamlet will definitely speak to his son — Prince Hamlet; although, the ghost has been silent to them. Act — I, Scene — 2 Elsinore castle — State room: Claudius backs his decision by stating that the marriage was an act to balance the mourning atmosphere in Denmark and to save the Kingdom as well.
The new King talks of the intentions of young Fortinbras and sends the courtiers Voltimand and Cornelius to deliver a message to the elderly uncle of Fortinbras. The young boy desires to return to France and Polonius and Claudius agree with the wish of the boy. Prince Hamlet is still seen in mourning clothes.
Claudius and Gertrude question him on the same and Hamlet talks of the mourning duties of a son to his beloved father. Claudius tries to make Hamlet understand that a son has to lose his father and it is the nature of life. He even goes further to console the Prince and asks Hamlet to consider him as his father.
Gertrude urges Hamlet to stay in Denmark and not to leave for Wittenberg. Hamlet obeys the wishes of his mother; although, he seems not convinced with the decision of staying back himself.
However, the soliloquies of Hamlet are so philosophical and reflect the nature of life itself. He laments of his state and thinks if suicide was not a sin, it would have been a fair answer to all his questions.
Horatio, friend of Prince Hamlet along with Marcellus and Bernardo enter the room. After greeting each other and discussing a few things, Horatio unravels the apparition he witnessed and bids Hamlet to keep watch during the night.
Hamlet is stunned by the news brought by his friend and the courtiers. A longing to talk to his father develops in the Prince, so he decides to keep watch and eagerly waits for the day to pass allowing the night to show the ghost of King Hamlet.
Laertes is about to leave for France and he bids his farewell to his beloved sister Ophelia.
He gently advises her not to progress any further with Hamlet, as he is a Prince and would leave her after a few days. Laertes states that although Hamlet seems a sweet perfume, the fragrance will last for a moment and he would disappear once he takes advantage of the beauty of Ophelia.
Polonius enters and asks Laertes to hurry if he wishes to catch the ship. He gives him final advice as a father: Laertes obediently listens to the advice of his father and leaves to catch the ship.
As he exits, Polonius asks about the conversation between her and Laertes. Ophelia explains the talk between them and when questioned about her feelings towards Hamlet, she expresses without fear that she is in love with Hamlet. Polonius sternly rejects the thoughts of Ophelia and forbids her to meet the Prince anymore.
Ophelia seems to obey the orders given by her father. Act — I, Scene — 4 A platform before the Elsinore castle: Hamlet, Horatio and Marcellus wait for the ghost to appear as they keep watch at the platform. Meanwhile, the sounds of jubilation are heard from the castle and Hamlet explains about the custom of carousing when a new King is crowned.Scholars who believe that melancholy is Hamlet’s tragic flaw believe that Hamlet “thinks too much” and this “thinking too much” makes Hamlet excessively sad and thoughtful.
Nov 09, · Hamlet Analysis Essays (Examples) death, deviltry, vengeance, and melancholy, the analysis showed how blackness as both a symbol and a concept led to the creation of conflict among the characters in the play, specifically that of Hamlet, Old Hamlet, Claudius, Gertrude, and even Ophelia.
The play "Hamlet" by William Shakespeare has a. A summary of Act III, scene i in William Shakespeare's Hamlet. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Hamlet and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.
Prince Hamlet devotes himself to avenging his father’s death, but, because he is contemplative and thoughtful by nature, he delays, entering into a deep melancholy and even apparent madness. Claudius and Gertrude worry about the prince’s erratic behavior and attempt to discover its cause.
Nov 12, · The Many Faces of Hamlet Of all the characters in the play, Hamlet by William Shakespeare, the character of Hamlet is without a doubt the most complex. His emotions are never stable, his feelings are constantly changing, and his behavior is confusing and inconsistent.
These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Hamlet by William Shakespeare. Through Rose Colored Glasses: How the Victorian Age Shifted the Focus of Hamlet Q to F7: Mate; Hamlet's Emotions, Actions, and Importance in the Nunnery Scene.